Saturday, 7 September 2013

Unemployment in India

The problem of unemployment is a world wide reality. The developed countries like the US, England, France, Germany, Italy etc also suffer from this problem, but it is more pronounced in India. With the passage of time it has become worse. it has become a threat to India's economic well being and social development. It is one of the major causes of our poverty, backwardness, crimes and frustration among the people. India is  the second largest country after China in term of population and man-power. But because of large scale unemployment there is a large waste of this manpower. There are capable and willing hands but there is no suitable employment for them. They are forced to remain idle.

The ever increasing number of job seekers on the live register of employment exchange shows how alarming and serious this problem has become in the recent years. The number of the unemployed people registered with the employment exchanges in the country, just gives a rough idea of the problem, because all the job seekers  and unemployed persons do not get themselves registered with the employment exchanges. Moreover, there are no employment exchanges in the villages and rural area of the country.

There are millions of young men and women waiting and waiting for job opportunities. This chronic problem of unemployment is not confined to any particular class segment or society. It is all pervading. There is massive unemployment among educated well trained and skilled people, and it is also there among semiskilled and unskilled labourers, small and marginal farmers and workers. Then there is underemployment. The jobs being created have miserably failed to keep pace with the ever increasing number of job seekers. It is a problem which present a great challenge to our country and our leader, thinkers, planners, economist, industrialist and educationalist.

In the far flung areas, villages and towns the problem is all the more acute as there are thousands and  thousands of workers and farm labourers who do not have their own piece of land to cultivate. Majority of our farmers too have very small holding . Consequently they remain idle for many months of the year. This has resulted in a mass exodus from villages to the cities and large towns. It is because of this limitless unemployment that the majority of our population has been living below poverty line. The problem of unemployment has also given rise to many other serious problem like those of extremism and terrorism. We should not forget that an idle mind is a devil's workshop. Many a young man takes recourse to lawlessness, violence, antisocial activities, terrorism and extremism because of frustration arising out of prolonged unemployment and lack of proper job opportunities.

A frustrated and unemployed man or woman can prove a very dangerous person. He or she will never allow other to live in peace and happiness. Many of our law and order problems are directly linked with this problem of unemployment among our young men and women. They are full of energy, drive and initiative. If not property oriented, these are bound to explode into harmful and antisocial activities. Therfore, it is the need of the hour that the youth is suitably employed and its energies capabilities and skills are harnessed for fruitful and nation building activities. If this problem of unemployment is solve many other problems would be solved automatically.  for democratic country and a welfare state like ours, unemployment is a big curse, which can be eliminated to great extent by proper manpower planning and creation of job opportunities at a large scale.

Tuesday, 27 August 2013

A Family Member: Acharya Vinova Bhave

Vinoba Bhave
Acharya Vinoba Bhave, the sarvodya leader, will lways be remembered for his Bhoodan movement. He initiated this movement for collecting land for distribution among landless agriculturists. His method for obtaining gift of land was unique. Usually people were so impressed that they gladly parted with their excess land.
 Vinoba traveled extensively in the rural areas on foot. During this padyatra, he would approach a farmer who had more land than he could cultivate. He would ask him" How many brothers are you." if the farmer said three, Vinoba would tell him, You can take me to be your fourth brother. You will now have to give me my share of land as a brother." In the same way, he would ask some rich farmer about the number of son he had. if he answer was two or three sons, Vinoba would claim to be his third or fourth son and request him to part with his share of land. it need not be emphasized that very few people disappointed this brother or son. Vinoba ji , then distributed the land among  the lan less

Monday, 26 August 2013

Render Unto Others, what is theirs: Swami Vivekanand

This story relates to the time when Swami Vivekanand was travelling in America. He was walking in a garden. An English woman approach him and said " If you do not take it otherwise, can I ask you a question"

" Please do ask without any hesitation" replied swamiji. The woman said " Swamiji, you are wearing India clothes but your shoes are not Indian. Why are you wearing them?"

Swamiji replied with a disarming smile, " These shoes have been given by local people and hence I wear them. I shall leave them here when I go."

The woman was crestfallen. She thought she would be able to denigrate the Swami by teching him a lesson in Indianess. His reply completely flummoxed her and she could know the smallness of her own mind in trying to run down a great Savant on such petty matters.

Etiquette:- Swami Vivekanand

All religions conference was held in Chicago in America in 1893. Swami Vivekanand had gone there to speak on Hinduism and its philosophy. He was to address the conference on 11th September . When he rose to speak, he found the slogan " Hindu religion- a dead religion" inscribed on the board on the dais.Unperturbed, he began his address with words, " My American sisters and brothers" The entire audience was so enthused by his address that they greeted Vivekannand with loud applause and clapped for a couple of minutes.The reason for the enthusiastic applause was that this oriental Sanyasi had given the first place to woman and then address them as a members of large family of human race. The audience did not know that in our culture women always have a higher place and the saying that this whole world is one large family in ingrained in our ancient culture.
This created a lasting impression on the assembly. Though only five minutes were allotted to each speaker, the president , Cardianal Gibbons requested Swamiji to continue speaking. He spoke for more than twenty minutes and the large gathering heard him with rapt attention about the basic tenets and philosophy of Hinduism.
Swamiji became very popular in America. People adored his simple attire and gracious manners. The newspapers brought out articles about him on the front page saying that such an intellectual giant had never visited their country in the past. Thousands become his disciples.

Not only that , people were eager to listen to him everyday. If there was noise in the hall, the people were quitened down by the announcement that Swamin Vivekanand will address them if they observed silence. The whole gathering would then sit with bated breath to listen to him. Such was the magic of his name.

In his speeches during his sojourn in America, Swamiji laid stress that goodness of Hindu religion. He asserted that the religion has the capacity to absorb all that is good in other religion. What he wanted to convey was that there is no dogmatism in Hinduism and it looked upon all religion with the same respect. The Indian culture and psyche was based on the concept of human brotherhood, tolerance for others and large hardheartedness. The Hindu religion does not denigrate other peoples' thinking. in this way, this great son of India, unfurled the flag of Indian culture in the far off land of America. Where the people become aware of the lofty ideas of Indian Culture for the first time.

Wednesday, 21 August 2013

Mother, You are the Last Refuge:-Ramakrishna Paramhansa

Ramakrishna Paramhansa
Swami Ramakrishna Paramhansa was the very embodiment of piety and love. His heart was full of the milk of human kindness.

One day, Mathura Babu, an affluent person, came to see him and suggested Swamiji to go boating with him on the river. They crossed the river and went to the locality called Kalai Ghata near Rana ghat. This locality was inhabited by very poor people. Paramhansa burst into tear as he saw the miserable condition in which these people lived. Most of them were famished and clad in rags. The sawant a devotee of Maa Kali. He started wailing in loud voice. "Mother see how your children live. Inspite of your presence, your sons and so much misery in your world."

Mathura Babu had a deep understanding of Swamiji's feelings. He came back to the city and bought food and clothes for the famished people of that locality. Paramhansa was still in tears and praying to Maa Kali. He regained his composure as Mathur Babu fed the poor and distributed clothes. Then, he raised hands to the sky and said " Mother, You are the last refuge!"

Monday, 19 August 2013

Guatam Buddha's last message : The Light is within!

You must have read about Prince Siddartha, who later come to be known as Buddha,' the Enlightened one'. Born into a princely family, Siddhartha was deeply affected when he saw a sick man, an old person and a dead body. He left his palace, his young wife and one year old son, to live the life of mendicant and find out the way to  Nirvana. After undergoing many fasts and penance he realized that the only way to alleviate one's misery is to follow the eight fold path of righteousness. From the day of this realization, he come to be know as Gautam Buddha. He laid great stress on truth and no violence.

The enlightened one lay on his death bed. He was being looked after by his ardent discipline, Anand, Bhadrak, another devotee came to see the master. He could not help weeping loudly at the thought that Gautam would be passing into eternity soon. Buddha heard his sobs and enquired from Anand, "who is weeping?"
 "Tathagat, Bhadrak is here to see you," said Anand.
"Then, call him," replied the compassionate Buddha.

Bhadrak fell at his feet and brust into loud sobs. Buddha asked him the reason for his sorrow. "O Master, who shall now show us the light when you are gone. That is why I weep, " Bhadrak replied in a voice choked with emotion.

Buddha lovingly placed his hand on Bhadrak's head and said "Bhadrak, the light that you seek is within you. Do not search for it anywhere. Only the ignorant seek it in the temples, holy places, caves and forest and thus wander aimlessly. In the end, they get only disappointment. On the contrary, those whose thoughts speech and  deeds are pure and in harmony with each other, find the light within their own self.
"Be your own light" should be the guiding motto.
This is the last message of Gautam Buddha and he had devoted hs entire life to its preaching

The Price of Shiddhi:- Ramkrishna Pramhansa

Ramkrishna Pramhansa
Once a great Yogi come to see Ramkrishna Pramhansa. After a strenuous effort and practice of sixteen years, this yogi had attained the prowess of walking on the water. To impress Paramhansa, he came walking on the river Ganges on whose banks, Ramakrishna lived in Dakhineshwar. He asked Ramakrishna about his prowess and told him that it took him sixteen years to attain this "Siddhi". "It is worth only two paise" replied the Savant. "You have wasted sixteen years of your life for nothing. Any boatman could have brought you here for two paise" Pamahansa added and was lost in reverie.